Autism Spectrum Disorder

The majority of people with autism want to advocate for themselves, without interference from non-autistic people. However, this blog was written with the intention of encouraging neurotypical people (i.e. non-autistic) to become more informed and to be more considerate of people with autism.  While we want to be respectful of all kinds of people, whether they’re autistic or neurotypical, please keep in mind that librarians are not experts and this blog is in no way intended to replace the advice of a doctor or as a substitute for a firsthand account of the lived experiences of people with autism.

(Please note: Some autistic people like using the term 'autistic person' to describe themselves. Others prefer to be called 'a person with autism.' In an effort to decrease stigma about either term, I'll alternate between the two throughout this post, following in the footsteps of  blogger Amy Sequenziaopens a new window.)

Let's clarify some confused ideas about autism that still linger in our society. 

Fiction and Facts about Autism Spectrum Disorder

Fiction: A child's autism is caused by 'bad parenting.'
Factopens a new window: Between the 1940's and 1960's, doctors were deeply invested in this disreputable theory. Lacking a scientific explanation, doctors scapegoated the one person who spends the most time with a child - their mother. These doctors suggested that when a child showed signs of autism, it was because their mother had traumatized them with her 'cold' or 'unemotional' parenting, thereby forcing the child to retreat into a world of their own. They called the mothers of autistic children 'refrigerator mothersopens a new window.' This assumption irreparably damaged the lives of countless people with autism and their families and caused decades of confusion and pain. While research since that time has yet to determine any definitive cause(s) of autism, for the most part we can safely say that the 'refrigerator mother' concept has been thoroughly debunkedopens a new window.

Unfortunately, parents of autistic children are still affected by this false concept of 'bad parenting.' They sometimes blame themselves, wondering if their child's autism was caused by something they did or didn't do. Even worse, parents of children with autism are often publicly criticized by strangers who don't know enough to make sense of an autistic person's behavior. These strangers assume that the parent is 'just coddling their spoiled child.' Parents of autistic children experience more than enough pressure - from within and from without - to do their best to meet their child's needs. 

Fiction: Vaccines cause autism.
Factopens a new window: In 1998, a researcher published an article in the medical journal The Lancet. The article claimed that the measles, mumps & rubella (MMR) vaccine was causing an increase in autism in British children. This article was discreditedopens a new window in 2010, due to procedural errors, financial conflicts of interest, and scientific misconductopens a new window. The researcher's name was removed from the medical register by the UK's General Medical Council and the article was retractedopens a new window by The Lancet. Since 2003, many large-scale studiesopens a new window have examined the possibility of a connection between the MMR vaccine and autism specifically, as well as any connection between methods and contents of vaccinations, and have found no evidence to support a correlation between vaccines and autism.

Fiction: Autism has become an epidemic.
Factopens a new window: People have a tendency to use words like 'epidemic' in an exaggerated way. While it is possible - but not proven - that the occurrence of autism has increased, it's misleading to use the term 'epidemic.' A more probable explanation for the increased number of autism diagnoses in recent years is an increase in researchopens a new window, which has provided an improved understanding of ASD. Also, the criteria for diagnosing autismopens a new window has been updated. Doctors now consider a wider range of behavioral and developmental symptoms when they assess a patient who may be autistic. In addition, parentsopens a new window are now generally better informedopens a new window about signs of developmental disorders and are more to likely bring their children to health care providers to be screenedopens a new window for autism and other developmental disorders. 

Fiction: People with autism are all the same.
Factopens a new window: Autism is a spectrum disorderopens a new window. The word 'spectrum' indicates a wide range of different but related things - like the range of colors you see when light goes through a prism. Each autistic person has similar symptoms, but they also have their own unique traits and abilities. Let's use language ability as an example. Some people with autism speak with ease. Others are able to speak, though we may find it difficult to understand what they're saying. Some are unable to speak at all. Autistic people who are unable to vocalize their ideas can sometimes communicate in other ways, like typing, drawing pictures, or using apps. There is so much variety among people diagnosed with autism that the saying, "If you've met one person with autism, you've met one person with autism," (attributed to Dr. Stephen Shoreopens a new window) has become very nearly a proverb in autistic communities.  

Fiction: All autistic people have an extraordinary talent, like that math genius in the Rain Man movieopens a new window.
Factopens a new window: While some people with autism are exceptionally talented - whether in math, art, music, spatial/pattern recognition or memory skills - not all autistic people have this kind of astounding ability. This phenomenon is called 'savant syndromeopens a new window.' Research suggests that about 1 in 10opens a new window people with autism have savant syndrome. Individuals with other developmental disorders sometimes have a savant-level talent. And, while it may seem wonderful to be extraordinarily talented, savant syndrome is no guarantee that life will be any easier. 

Friendly Interactions with Autistic People: Tips for Non-Autistic People

  • When you're around someone with autism, don't ignore them or speak about them as though they're not there. You may not be able to tell, but an autistic person can hear and understand what you say. Be considerate.
  • People with autism sometimes express themselves in ways that may seem strange or surprising to you. Try not to react in a negative way. Be sympathetic.
  • Don't make assumptions about a person's intellectual or physical abilities based on their appearance. Be kind.
  • Don’t define a person by their diagnosis. A person deserves to be treated as a person, not as a disorder. Be compassionate.
  • Sometimes autistic people need a little extra time to think about what you're saying before they reply. Be patient.
  • If a person with autism doesn't respond the way you expect them to, try not to let your feelings get hurt and don't give up. Autistic people can sometimes be very blunt in their responses. Be resilient.
  • Think about how you want to be treated, and treat autistic people the same way. Remember the "Golden Rule." Treat others the way you would want to be treated. Be empathetic.  

If you are concerned that you or a loved one may be on the autism spectrum, please talk to a health care professional who specializes in care for people with autism, or ask your doctor to refer you to a specialist. 

Here is a list of materials available from St. Tammany Parish Libraryopens a new window that were written or otherwise produced, in whole or in part, by individuals with autism.

Here is a list of external websitesopens a new window that have more information about life with autism.

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