Mental Health Awareness: Suicide Awareness and Prevention

This Mental Health Awareness blog post is about awareness and prevention of suicide, opens a new window

Any conversation about suicide is difficult. Some people worry that talking about it might cause someone who is thinking about suicide to act on those thoughts. But not discussing suicide at all isn't an option either. Treating suicide as a taboo topic increases stigma. We all need to talk more about suicide, opens a new window. To help those who are feeling suicidal, we also need to know how to recognize signs that someone is at risk for suicide. And, perhaps most important, we need to know how to get help when we or someone we know is considering suicide.

Suicide rates in the United States continue to increase, according to a 2018 report, opens a new window from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as reported by the NIMH, opens a new window, in 2017:

    • Suicide was the tenth leading cause of death overall in the United States, claiming the lives of over 47,000 people.
    • Suicide was the second leading cause of death among people between the ages of 10 and 34, and the fourth leading cause of death among people between the ages of 35 and 54.
    • There were more than twice as many suicides (47,173) in the United States as there were homicides (19,510).

Let's be clear about something. People who are thinking about killing themselves, opens a new window do not want to die. They want their pain to end and they're unable to see any other way to escape that pain.

Sometimes people will let you know that they are thinking about suicide with clear signs, opens a new window:

    • Threatening to hurt themselves, or talking about wanting to hurt or kill themselves
    • Looking for ways to kill themselves
    • Speaking or writing about death, dying or suicide in an uncharacteristic way

More often the signs are less clear:

    • Dramatic mood changes
    • Increased use of alcohol or drugs
    • Unexplained or uncharacteristic anxiety
    • Changes in sleeping or eating habits
    • Self-imposed isolation (withdrawing from friends, family, and society)
    • Intense rage or uncontrolled anger
    • Acting recklessly or engaging in risky behaviors

It is alarming to learn that someone you know is thinking about suicide. Get immediate help from a health care provider or call 911 if someone you know begins to:

    • Make end-of-life preparations, such as organizing personal papers, paying off debts, giving away possessions or seeking a new owner for their pets
    • Say goodbye to friends and family
    • Save pills, get a weapon, or seek some other means for ending their lives.

If you are feeling suicidal, or if you have concerns about someone who is, there is help available:

This discussion is informational and is not meant to replace a visit to a physician, psychologist, or psychiatrist.

We have compiled a list of St. Tammany Parish Library resources and external websites that have more information about suicide prevention and awareness. Please contact your nearest St. Tammany Parish Library reference librarian, opens a new window if you need help getting any of the items on this list:

Suicide: Awareness and Prevention

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